What skills do the BrainTrain Memory Gyms target?

1. Working Memory: the ability to encode and “hold” perceptual information while processing it and the capability to recall and apply relevant procedural rules in order to accurately respond.

2. Central Processing Speed: the time it takes to encode, categorize, and understand the meaning of any sensory stimuli which is the focus of attention.

3. Conceptual Reasoning: the cognitive skills which include concept formation (the capacity to analyze relationships between objects), abstraction (the ability to think symbolically), deductive logic (the application of general rules or concepts in making a decision for a specific set of stimuli) and/or inductive logic (the analysis of feedback or identification of relevant details in formulating a concept to use in decision making).

4. Detailed Reading: the ability to read, understand and implement detailed instructions correctly. Once an individual has mastered basic reading skills, then this skill can be trained by requiring the player to read the exercise instruction screens without the text being spoken. In order to do this the ‘Say Instructions Automatically’ option has to be unchecked.

5. Fine Motor Control: the ability to accurately control fine motor movements and avoid making erroneous responses.

6. Focused Attention: the ability to recognize and respond to specific relevant stimuli.

7. General Attention: the ability to focus, sustain and selectively attend to relevant stimuli and make correct responses (a combination of Focused, Sustained and Selective attention as defined above).

8. Response Inhibition: the capability of understanding and holding in working memory a rule which defines a correct response and using this rule to help avoid automatically reacting to an incorrect stimuli.

9. Selective Attention: the capacity to continue making a correct response during a task when competing or distracting stimuli are present.

10. Sustained Attention: the capability of maintaining consistent and accurate responses during a continuous and repetitive activity.

11. Visuospatial Classification: the ability to accurately discriminate relevant features, count and group visual objects based on a concept or rule.

12. Visuospatial Sequencing: the ability to discriminate and discern the sequential or relational order of visual objects accurately based on a concept or rule.

13. Visual Perception: the ability to accurately discriminate and respond appropriately to specific visual objects.

14. Visual Processing Speed: the time it takes to perceive relevant visual stimuli, encode and interpret it and then make an appropriate response.

15. Visual Scanning: the ability to accurately discriminate and respond appropriately to visual objects that appear without a cue and randomly over time within the field of vision.

16. Visual Tracking: the ability to follow a continuous visual cue, accurately discriminate and respond appropriately to visual objects that move continuously within the field of vision.

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